- Anzac Cove
- /ænzæk ˈkoʊv/ (say anzak 'kohv)
the cove on the western coast of the Gallipoli peninsula in Turkey where Australian and New Zealand troops landed in 1915 during World War I.
Only 660 metres long, the small and narrow beach of Anzac Cove is bordered by the headlands of Ari Bumu, to the north, and Little Ari Bumu, to the south and backed by a succession of jumbled ridges cut by deep, dead-end gullies. Australian and New Zealand troops landed here on 25 April 1915 as part of an attempt to capture Turkish positions on the high ground of the Sari Bair range, then advance inland across the Gallipoli peninsula to take control of the Dardanelles from Turkish forces. The landing was made more than 1 kilometre north of the intended beach, the flatter Gaba Tepe. As a result, troops had to struggle through thick scrub up unexpectedly steep and hostile terrain in the early morning darkness. A coordinated advance proved impossible. Units became separated from each other and the increasing Turkish fire caused heavy casualties, particularly among officers, deepening the confusion as groups were left to fend for themselves without command. By nightfall 16 000 men had been landed; of those more than 2000 Australians had been killed or wounded.
Australian English dictionary. 2014.
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